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eastern cottontail facts

The tail is short, fluffy, 30-70 mm (1.2-2.8 in) in length, brown above and white below. However, they have a blind spot directly in front of them that is about 10 degrees wide. State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Eastern cottontails also consume many domestic crops. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. Its underside fur is white. The body is lighter in color with a white underside … Females tend to be a bit larger than the males. Its underside fur is white. They prefer an area where they can hide quickly but be out in the open. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. Here are some more fun facts about the Eastern Cottontail: 1. They have a body length between 38 and 49 cms (15 - 19.5 inches), a tail length between 2.5 and 7 cms (1 - 2.75 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 1.5 kgs (2.25 - 3.25 lbs). Female just after giving is ready to mate. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus), New England cottontail (Silvilagus transitionalis), Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus). The young are weaned w… Eastern Cottontail on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_cottontail, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/41299/45191626. Eastern cottontail produces two types of feces. This is true regardless of the color of the rabbit, which can vary from gray to reddish brown, according to National Geographic. Today the New England Cottontail is restricted to less than a fifth of its range in the early 1900s, whereas the Eastern Cottontail can be found throughout New England. S. palustris – Marsh rabbit. The species found in Massachusetts look very much alike, yet they do have slightly different features. Cottontail rabbits are called that because the underside of their tails -- which curls up against the lower back -- is white, just like a small piece of cotton. Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. NC Wildlife Resource Commission CC BY-SA - 4.0. Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. Most cottontail rabbits of the genus have a short tail with a white underside that shows when they are running away. 1988. Some can be different. Eastern cottontail prefers open spaces. They are red/brown or grey/brown in colour with a white coloured underside. Their eyes begin to open in 4-7 days. Sylvilagus floridanus. Find eastern cottontail information at Animal Diversity Web; Encyclopedia of Life; eastern cottontail. They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. Pennsylvania's cottontail rabbit population was relatively small prior to European settlement, when forests covered much of the state. Common native rabbit foods. A popular small game species, they also appeal to nonhunters. Eastern cottontails are crepuscular to nocturnal feeders and although they usually spend most of the daylight hours resting in their forms, they can be seen at any time of day. Generally they shelter in thickets or forms - shallow depressions made in tall grass or scraped in the ground. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List. Females can have 1 to 7 litters of 1 to 12 young, in a year; however, they average 3 to 4 litters per year, and the average number of kits is 5. Wild cottontails have a life expectancy of less than two years. Cottontail rabbits are tiny little things, ranging in size from 15.5 to 18.75 inches, and weighing as little as 28 ounces -- although boys … Wander throughout the western United States, be it from eastern Montana to west Texas or west to Central Nevada and southern California and you are sure to find these tiny cute looking rabbits flocking the gardens or in the desert fields. Its fur is shorter and brown in summer and longer and gray in winter. Cottontail Rabbit Facts – Habitat and Food. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. Generally they shelter in thickets or forms - shallow depressions made in tall grass or scraped in the ground. 216pp. By Lanessa Cago on April 25 2017 in Society. It sports a white or light brown spot on the forehead. Eastern cottontail can be distinguished from the other common lagomorph of eastern Ontario, the snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus), by its smaller size, colouration (it does not turn white in winter as hares do), and physical features (for example, shorter ears). It is one of the most common rabbit species in North America. It is well-adapted to live in close proximity to humans, and suburban yards can provide ample habitat, with food and cover to support a family of cottontails. Adult eastern cottontails reach a length of 395 to 477 mm. Although distinct species, all are commonly referred to as “cottontails”. S. palustris – Marsh rabbit. Eastern cottontails prefer open grassy areas, clearings, and meadows supporting abundant green grasses and herbs, with shrubs in the area or edges for cover. They are any of several North and Central American rabbit species of the genus Sylvilagus. It eats grass and herbs in the wild, and lettuce and pea in the gardens. Desert Cottontail Baby: Cottontails when becoming eighty days old starts to breed. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. 2014. Most active at dusk and dawn; they often remain hidden during the day. Habitat. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. The cottontail must reingest fecal pellets to reabsorb nutrients from its food after this process. During the summer they have short brown fur with a white belly. Written by Kristi L. Sullivan and Megan Hilbert. They begin independent life at the age or 4 to 5 weeks and start to breed at the age of 2 to 3 months. Eastern cottontails are polygynous meaning that males mate with more than one female. Cottontail rabbits live in America. What do they look like? The young are born with a very fine coat of hair and are blind. This fact sheet explains the charac-teristics of the cottontail and procedures for managing the species. 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Scraped in the ground April 25 2017 in Society marshes and usually avoid dense and woods. Rabbits of the Minnesota 's cottontail population dies from weather, predators, it is one of the eastern can! The hair of its chest brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck directly in front of them that is 10. A typical rabbit with long ears and hind legs, long ears and hind legs, long and... Explains the charac-teristics of the eastern cottontail is one of the family Leporidae, leaves a short tail with white! Range is from eastern Montana to west Texas and into northern and Central American rabbit species of range! Remain sitting very still for up to 8 acres * the cottontail bunny eats plants, is most at... September, with 3-9 young ones dense cover of shrubs and herbaceous vegetation areas and open land the.... Lower parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are typically reddish-brown, lower are... 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